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ʻO ke kumuwaiwai e hāʻawi i ka momona i kona ʻono a me ka ʻala i hiki ke hāʻawi i nā mea kolo i ka puki

Ka manawa: 2020-10-14 Nā Hits: 134

INDIANAPOLIS, Sepatemaba 11, 2013 - Ke ʻono o ka citrus a me ka ʻala o ka huaʻōlū - i hoʻohana ʻia i nā wai momona, nā mea inu ʻono ʻona, a me nā mea ʻala hanohano a me nā colognes - e hele paha i kahi hoʻohana hou i ka hakakā ʻana i nā makika, nā kikiki, nā kihi poʻo a me nā moe moe. mahalo i kahi ala pipiʻi o ka hana ʻana i nā nui o ka mea hana pinepine ʻole a kumukūʻai hoʻi, i ʻōlelo ʻia e kahi ʻepekema ma aneʻi i kēia lā.

ʻO kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻenehana hou no ka hana ʻana i ka mea hana, nootkatone, i ʻohi mua ʻia mai nā tona o ka huaʻōlau, kahi ʻāpana o ka 246th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world’s largest scientific society. The meeting, which includes almost 7,000 reports on new advances in science and other topics, continues here through tomorrow.

"ʻO kahi huahana hou e pili ana i ka nootkatone e loaʻa i nā keu he nui ma mua o nā repellants makika e kū ana ma DEET," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Richard Burlingame, Ph.D., nāna i hōʻike i ka hōʻike. "ʻO Nootkatone kahi mea laulā ākea ākea i hōʻike ʻia he maikaʻi ma ke ʻano he luna hoʻomalu no nā makika, nā kikiki a me nā moe moe. Ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo Nootkatone i mau makahiki e hāʻawi i nā mea inu i kahi ʻono grapefruit. Mālama ʻoi aku ka ʻai, he ʻono ʻono citrus ʻoluʻolu, ʻaʻole momona, kipaku ʻelua a pepehi i nā mea kolo, a ʻaʻohe o lākou hopohopo e pili ana i ka DEET. "

ʻO Burlingame, ʻo ia me Allylix, Inc., kahi ʻoihana loea hou i Lexington, Ky., I kamaʻilio ma kahi hālāwai i kapa ʻia ʻo "Biopesticides: State of the Art and Future Opportunities." Aia pū me nā hōʻike (ʻike ʻia nā abstract ma lalo) i ka holomua i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā pesticides hou i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia mai nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe, a i hoʻohālikelike ʻia paha ma hope o nā huahana kūlohelohe i kūpono i ka kaohi pest.

"ʻO ka pahuhopu o ka simposium e kūkākūkā i ka ʻepekema ma hope o kēia huahana, a ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mau mea he hopena maikaʻi ia ma nā kaha haʻahaʻa a ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka lāʻau make i nā kānaka ma mua o nā pesticides maʻamau," wahi a James N. Seiber, Ph.D., o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi , Davis. Ua hoʻonohonoho pū ʻo ia i ka simposium me Aaron Gross a me Joel Coats, Ph.D., ʻelua o ke Kulanui Mokuʻāina ʻo Iowa, a me Stephen Duke, Ph.D., o ka US Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Burlingame nootkatone ma ke ʻano he laʻana maikaʻi loa no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā pesticides hou e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe. Nootkatone kahi ʻāpana o ka aila i ka grapefruit, a aia ma ka papa inoa o nā lāʻau a ka US Food and Drug Administration i ʻike ʻia he palekana no ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka meaʻai. Ua hoʻohana ʻia ia no nā makahiki he mea ʻala no nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu a me kahi mea ʻala i loko o nā mea ʻala. Pono kēlā mau noi noi i nā nui wale o nootkatone, a me ke kumukūʻai - $ 25 no ka auneke ke lawe ʻia mai ka hua waina - ʻaʻole ia he mea nui e hopohopo ai. Ua emi iki ka pipiʻi ke hana ʻia mai kahi mea i kapa ʻia ʻo valencene, i unuhi ʻia mai nā ʻalani.

Ua hoʻonui ka pono no kahi kumu waiwai ʻoi loa o ka nootkatone ma hope o ka ʻepekema o ka US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) i loaʻa ka maikaʻi o nootkatone i ka kaohi ʻana i nā kikiki, nā makika a me nā mea kolo ʻē aʻe. Nootkatone i unuhi ʻia mai ka huaʻōlau, akā, e pipiʻi loa ia no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi huahana mea kūʻai. Pono kēlā hoʻohana i nā nootkatone nui aku. Ke hana nei ʻo Allylix me nā ʻepekema ma CDC e hoʻomohala i ka nootkatone no ka hoʻohana pāʻoihana ma ke ʻano he luna hoʻomalu insect.

Ua wehewehe ʻo Burlingame i ka hoʻohana ʻana o Allylix i ka ʻenehana ponoʻī e hoʻomohala i kahi ala e hana ai i ka valencene mai ka hū e ulu ana i nā vats fermentation ʻoihana. ʻOhi ka ʻenehana i ka valencene a hoʻohana i kahi hana kemika e hoʻololi iā ia i nootkatone. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Allylix ua hiki i ke kaʻina hana ke kūʻai aku i ka nootkatone ma ke kumukūʻai hoʻokūkū.

"ʻOi aku ka lōʻihi o nā hopena o ka nootkatone ma mua o ka hopena o nā repellents i kēia manawa ma ka mākeke," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "A hōʻike ʻo nootkatone i ka hoʻohiki no ka lilo ʻana i agena ʻoi loa no nā ticks e kumu ai ka maʻi Lyme."

Hana ʻo Nookatone i kahi ala hou, no laila hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia i nā mea kolo e hoʻomohala a pale aku i nā pesticides maʻamau, a ʻaʻole paha ia e hoʻopilikia i ka poʻe a i ʻole nā ​​holoholona hānai.

Kūʻai aku ʻo Allylix i kēia manawa nootkatone no ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea ʻono a me nā mea ʻala. ʻO ka hana hou e komo i ka ʻae ʻia mai ka US Environmental Protection Agency e kūʻai aku i ka nootkatone no ka hoʻomalu pepeke. "ʻAʻole lākou i ʻae aku iā ia i kēia manawa, no laila ʻaʻohe huahana i kēia manawa ma ka mākeke i ka US i hoʻopili ʻia me ka nootkatone ma ke ʻano he mea hana e kaohi i nā mea ʻino," i ʻōlelo ʻo Burlingame. "Akā i ka wā e hiki mai ana, hiki ke lilo i kī nui i nā repellents no ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka lole a i ʻole ka ʻili me he mea ʻehu lā, a i ʻole ke kopa a shampoo paha."

Ua ʻae nā ʻepekema i ke kālā mai ka National Science Foundation ma o ka papahana SBIR a me ka Keʻena Hana.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kēia noiʻi ma kahi hālāwai o ka American Chemical Society!